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Miniature from a manuscript of the Roman de la Rose, c.1460
Michael Toulouze - L'Art et instruction de bien dancer (1488)
15th century dance
Passeggio - sec.XV
Fabritio Caroso (1526/1535 - 1605/1620)
Thoinot Arbeau (1519-1595) - Révérence
Simon Bening, The Golf Book of Hours, 1540
Cesare Negri (c. 1535 - c. 1605)
Passeggio - sec.XVI
Passeggio - sec.XVI


Renaissance dance

Due to the considerable differences regarding the music and dance steps, Renaissance dance is separated, in a conventional manner, in two categories: 15th and 16th century dances.


15th century

The first dance treatises date from the 15th century. In the manuscripts of Italian authors Domenico da Piacenza (ca. 1400 – ca. 1470), Guglielmo Ebreo, baptized as Giovanni Ambrosio (ca. 1420 – ca. 1484), and Antonio Cornazano (c.1430 - c.1485), one may find, along with the dance descriptions and accompanying scores, a rich theoretical background regarding the correct execution and performance of the dance steps.
Specific dances for this century are the balli and the bassadanza.
Bassadanza is a slow, elegant, and majestic dance that highlights the interaction between the dance partners.
The Balli are complicated and expressive dances, which include (within the same dance) bassadanza, saltarello as well as piva dance steps that alternate with the musical rhythm. These dances encouraged improvisation and theatrical performance, many of them also having a theme (e.g. Gelosia i.e. jealousy).

Repertoire:

Author Title and date of the manuscript Dances

Domenico da Piacenza
(ca. 1400 – ca. 1470)

De arte saltandi et choreas ducendi (ca.1450 - 1460)

Anello
Gelosia
Leoncello Vecchio
Leoncello Novo
Marchesana
Mercantia
Mignotta Vecchia
Petit vriens
Rostiboli Gioioso
Sobria
Tesara
Verçepe

Guglielmo Ebreo
(botezat Giovanni Ambrogio)
(ca. 1420 - ca. 1484)

De pratica seu arte tripudii, citată uneori cu titlul
Trattato dell' arte del ballare (c.1463)

Amoroso
Colonesse
Voltati in Ça Rosina

Michael Toulouze

L'Art et instruction de bien dancer (1488)

Casuelle la Nouvelle

(anonymous author)

Brussels Manuscript (1445), (1488)

Filles à Marier


16th century

Author Title and date of the manuscript Dances

Thoinot Arbeau (1519-1595)

Orchésographie (1589)

Pavane
Gaillarde
La volta
Allemande
Branles :
      - Double
      - Simple
      - Gay
      - Bourgoigne
      - Cassandre
      - Champaigne
      - Pinagay
      - Charlotte
      - Guerre
      - Aridan
      - Poictou
      - Escosse
      - Triory
      - Malte
      - Lavandieres
      - Pois
      - Hermites
      - Chandelier ou Torche
      - Sabots
      - Chevaulx
      - Montarde
      - Haye
      - Official
Bouffons
Basse dance, Retour, Tourdion

Cesare Negri
(ca. 1535 - ca. 1605)

Le Gratie d'Amore (1602),
Nuove lnventioni di Balli (1604)

Alta Mendozza
Alta Somaglia
Ballo fatto da sei cavalieri
Ballo fatto da sei dame
Bassa Ducale
Bizzaria d’Amore
Biscia Amorosa
Il Canario
Il Gratioso
Il Bizarro
Fedeltà d'Amore
La Biscia Amorosa
La Nizzarda
Leggiadra Marina
Passo e mezzo

Fabritio Caroso
(1526/1535 – 1605/1620)

Il Ballarino (1581),
Nobiltà di Dame (1600)

Allegrezza D'Amore
Alta Carretta
Ballo Del Fiore
Barriera Nuova
Bassa Pompilia
Canario
Chiara Stella
Contrapasso Nuovo
Dolce amoroso foco
Gracca Amorosa
Il Bianco Fiore
Leggiadria d'Amore
Passo e mezzo
Spagnoletta Nuova



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